A single-chip CMOS pulse oximeter with on-chip lock-in detection

Title “A single-chip CMOS pulse oximeter with on-chip lock-in detection”
Authors He, D.; Morgan, S.; Trachanis, D.; Van Hese, J.;Drogoudis, D.; Fummi,  F.; Stefanni, F.; Guarnieri , V.; Hayes-Gill, B.
Publication Sensors, Volume 15, Issue 7, pages 17076-88, June 2015
Link https://doi.org/10.3390/s150717076
Abstract Pulse oximetry is a noninvasive and continuous method for monitoring the blood oxygen saturation level. This paper presents the design and testing of a single-chip pulse oximeter fabricated in a 0.35 µm CMOS process. The chip includes photodiode, transimpedance amplifier, analogue band-pass filters, analogue-to-digital converters, digital signal processor and LED timing control. The experimentally measured AC and DC characteristics of individual circuits including the DC output voltage of the transimpedance amplifier, transimpedance gain of the transimpedance amplifier, and the central frequency and bandwidth of the analogue band-pass filters, show a good match (within 1%) with the circuit simulations. With modulated light source and integrated lock-in detection, the sensor effectively suppresses the interference from ambient light and 1/f noise. In a breath-hold and release experiment, the single chip sensor demonstrates consistent and comparable performance to commercial pulse oximetry devices with a mean of 1.2% difference. The single-chip sensor enables a compact and robust design solution that offers a route towards wearable devices for health monitoring
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